The main purpose of this course is to give an overview of the Standard Model of particle physics starting from the fundamentals and finishing with the phenomenology.
- Apply the main principles to specific areas such as particle physics, astrophysics of stars, planets and galaxies, cosmology and physics beyond the Standard Model.
- Formulate and tackle problems, both open and more defined, identifying the most relevant principles and using approaches where necessary to reach a solution, which should be presented with an explanation of the suppositions and approaches.
- Understand the bases of advanced topics selected at the frontier of high energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology and apply them consistently.
- Use acquired knowledge as a basis for originality in the application of ideas, often in a research context. Use critical reasoning, analytical capacity and the correct technical language and formulate logical arguments.
- Analyzing the concept of spontaneous breaking of symmetry .
- Apply chromodynamics of quantum to strong elementary processes .
- Apply the Weinberg- Salam theory to electroweak elementary processes.
- Calculate weak and strong electro sections.
- Recognize the basics of Weinberg- Salam theory of electroweak interactions
- Recognize the basis of Quantum Chromodynamics as a theory of strong interactions.
- Understand the basics of the theory of the Standard Model and its phenomenology.
Fundamentals of the Standard Model:
- Difficulties of the pre-gauge theory
- Global and local gauge invariance
- Spontaneous symmetry breaking, Goldstone bosons and the Higgs mechanism 4. The Standard Model of electroweak interactions
- Electroweak phenomenology
- Flavour dynamics
- Electromagnetic interactions of leptons and hadrons
- An introduction to Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)
Phenomenology of the Standard Model:
- QCD in electron-proton collisions 2. QCD in electron-positron collisions 3. Jet algorithms
- QCD in hadron-hadron collisions 5. Monte Carlo event generators
- Top physics
- Higgs physics
- Heavy flavor physics
- Neutrino physics
It is recommended to have followed the courses Introduction to the Physics of the Cosmos and Introduction to Quantum Field Theory.