# Standard Model: Fundamentals and Phenomenology

### Objectives

The main purpose of this course is to give an overview of the Standard Model of particle physics starting from the fundamentals and finishing with the phenomenology.

### Skills

- Apply the main principles to specific areas such as particle physics, astrophysics of stars, planets and galaxies, cosmology and physics beyond the Standard Model.
- Formulate and tackle problems, both open and more defined, identifying the most relevant principles and using approaches where necessary to reach a solution, which should be presented with an explanation of the suppositions and approaches.
- Understand the bases of advanced topics selected at the frontier of high energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology and apply them consistently.
- Use acquired knowledge as a basis for originality in the application of ideas, often in a research context. Use critical reasoning, analytical capacity and the correct technical language and formulate logical arguments.

### Learning outcomes

- Analyzing the concept of spontaneous breaking of symmetry .
- Apply chromodynamics of quantum to strong elementary processes .
- Apply the Weinberg- Salam theory to electroweak elementary processes.
- Calculate weak and strong electro sections.
- Recognize the basics of Weinberg- Salam theory of electroweak interactions
- Recognize the basis of Quantum Chromodynamics as a theory of strong interactions.
- Understand the basics of the theory of the Standard Model and its phenomenology.

### Content

Fundamentals of the Standard Model:

- Difficulties of the pre-gauge theory
- Global and local gauge invariance
- Spontaneous symmetry breaking, Goldstone bosons and the Higgs mechanism 4. The Standard Model of electroweak interactions
- Electroweak phenomenology
- Flavour dynamics
- Electromagnetic interactions of leptons and hadrons
- An introduction to Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD)

Phenomenology of the Standard Model:

- QCD in electron-proton collisions 2. QCD in electron-positron collisions 3. Jet algorithms
- QCD in hadron-hadron collisions 5. Monte Carlo event generators
- Top physics
- Higgs physics
- Heavy flavor physics
- Neutrino physics

### Prerequisites

It is recommended to have followed the courses Introduction to the Physics of the Cosmos and Introduction to Quantum Field Theory.

### Details

Semester | 1 |

Itinerary | HEP |

Type | Mandatory for HEP |

ECTS | 9 |

Hours | 68 |

### Teachers

### Bibliography

- Fundamentals of the Standard Model:

- D. Griffiths, Introduction to Elementary Particles, Wiley-VCH 2008
- D. Goldberg, The Standard Model in a Nutshell, Princeton University Press 2017
- F. Halzen and A. D. Martin, Quarks & Leptons: An Introductory Course in Modern Particle Physics, Wiley 1984
- C. Quigg, Gauge Theories of the Strong, Weak and Electromagnetic Interactions, Princeton University Press 2013
- T. Cheng and L. Li, Gauge Theory of Elementary Particle Physics, Oxford University Press 1988
- J. F. Donoghue, E. Golowich and B. R. Holstein, Dynamics of the Standard Model, Cambridge University Press 2014

- Phenomenology of the Standard Model:

- F. Halzen and A. D. Martin, Quarks & Leptons: An Introductory Course in Modern Particle Physics, Wiley 1984
- R. K. Ellis, W. J. Stirling and B. R. Webber, QCD and Collider Physics, Cambridge University Press 2003
- D. H. Perkins, Introduction to High Energy Physics, Cambridge University Press 2000
- D. Green, High Pt Physics at Hadron Colliders, Cambridge University Press 2009